Being billions of years old, our planet has provided habitation to man and animals/plants since its coming into being. The natural processes that occur on it are often a wonder to behold. Although you might take them for granted, natural phenomena, such as sunrise, sunset, and rainfall, play a crucial role in sustaining life on Earth.
Being home to all kinds of organisms – from amoebas to humans – our planet also has a plenitude of impressive natural formations.
Many of them have been in existence for thousands (if not millions) of years and as such make for great tourist destinations. So, whether you’re a working-class individual or a college student looking for an apa citation generator, you can’t pass up an opportunity to visit one of the numerous natural wonders.
So, let’s take a look at 10 Must See Natural Wonders. We bet you will fall in love with them once you experience them first-hand.
Straddling Nepal and Tibet, Mount Everest is well known as the world’s highest individual rock formation. With a height of 8,848 meters, it’s the Earth’s tallest and most prominent mountain (above sea level).
Being the world’s highest natural elevation, Mount Everest attracts millions of tourists, including professional mountain climbers. The first successful climb was by Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay on May 29, 1953.
Today, the mountain continues to be the number one destination for extreme sports enthusiasts (e.g. paragliders and snowboarders) and ordinary tourists wishing to behold its imposing sight.
Did you know? There are over 200 dead humans on Mount Everest. Many of them died while climbing and were never found. Others chose not to have their bodies recovered.
The Amazon Rainforest
Spanning 5.5 million square kilometers across South America, this natural wonder is not only the world’s largest rainforest but also the most diverse biome on Earth. Its flora and fauna are unrivaled. It is home to more than 2 million insect species, more than 1,400 species of birds, over 400 mammals, 400 amphibians, and 378 reptiles.
Some of the deadliest animals, such as the Anaconda (a genus of large snakes with four known species), South American Jaguar (a wild cat), and Black Caiman (a crocodile species) live here.
The Amazon rainforest covers over 40% of South America, including Brazil (largest part), Peru, Ecuador, Bolivia, Colombia, Venezuela, Suriname, French Guiana.
The first human to have walked the entire length of the Amazon river is Edward Stafford, a former British soldier. This feat earned him a place in the Guiness Book of World Records. Why did he embark on such a dangerous expedition? In his own words, he was bored and wanted to do something massive.
Did you know? Much of the phosphorus-rich dust that fertilizes the Amazon rainforest comes from the Sahara desert in Africa. Every year it sees more than 50 million tonnes of dust blown away across the Atlantic Ocean from it.
Straddling Zambia and Zimbabwe, the Victoria Falls is a system of waterfalls on the Zambezi river, the fourth largest river in Africa. With a length of more than 1km and height of more than 100m, it is considered the largest waterfall on Earth.
Did you know? It was named after Queen Victoria of England by a Scottish explorer, David Livingstone who was the first European explorer to see it in 1855.
The Great Barrier Reef
Next up on this list of Must See Natural Wonders is the Great Barrier Reef. With a length of 2,300 kilometers, the Great Barrier Reef is the world’s largest system of coral reefs. Located off the coast of Queensland in northeastern Australia, it is made of 2,900 individual reefs which were formed by billions of tiny organisms known as coral polyps.
Did you know? Being the largest single structure of living things, the reef is easily visible from space.
Located in northwestern Tanzania and extending as far as Kenya, the Serengeti is an ecosystem known for its diverse wildlife and vast plains. Having an area of approximately 30,000 km2, it is home to a large lion population, over 70 large animals and 500 bird species. The Serengeti is a popular safari destination which provides tourists with an opportunity to observe animals in their natural habitats.
Did you know? The Serengeti is the second largest overland migration of mammals over which millions of zebras, wildebeests, and gazelles move across annually.
The Iguazu Falls
Straddling Argentina and Brazil, the Iguazu Falls is made up of 275 cascades. With a total length of more than 2,700 meters, this natural wonder is the largest waterfall system on Earth. Being the largest waterfall in the whole system, the Garganta del Diablo (Devil’s throat) is 82 meters high, 150 meters wide and 700 meters long.
It is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Brazil and Argentina. The waterfalls are accessible through Foz do Iguaçu in Brazil and Puerto Iguazú in Argentina.
The Grand Canyon
The dizzying depth of this impressive rock formation is reason enough to include it in our list. Located in Arizona, USA, the Grand Canyon has one of the world’s deepest depressions. It has an average depth of more than 1.6km and an average width of 16 km.
Did you know? The gorge is 6 million years old. It falls over 670 meters along the length of the canyon.
Located in the Mexican state of Michoacán, the Parícutin is a cinder cone volcano.
Did you know? It suddenly erupted in 1943 from the cornfield of a local Mexican farmer named Dionisio Pulido.
Located in Vietnam, this collection of thousands of isles and limestone karsts it a sight to see. Having an area of about 1,553 km2, Halong Bay is home to more than 70 plant and animal species. It is also a popular destination for backpackers and tourists alike.
Did you know? The bay’s limestone is over 500 million years old!
Last up on this list of Must See Natural Wonders is Table Mountain. Located in Cape Town, South Africa, the mountain is an imposing rock formation that has a flat top (which explains its name). Being a popular tourist destination, it is accessible either on foot or by aerial cableways.
Did you know? Table Mountain has survived 6 million years of natural erosion. Together with nearby Black Table, it is home to over 1500 plant species. That is more than the total amount of plant species in the United Kingdom!
As fascinating as these natural wonders are, visiting all of them might be a mission impossible. Nonetheless, it’s always an eye-opening experience for those who do. And if you have been to one of such places, you can easily concur. If you haven’t, you should see at least some of them. So, write down their names add them to your list of must-see places.
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